Originally an agricultural engineer, he studied voice in Krakow, Rzeszów and Milano and made his debut in Krakow in 1957 as Lenskij (which was to be one of his most successful parts). At the Teatr Wielki in Warsaw from 1960; he stayed until 2011 (!), and sang almost 1200 performances there. His repertory included, other than oratorio and lied, Belmonte, Alfredo, Duca, Ernesto, Hoffmann, Pinkerton, Rodolfo, Almaviva, Pang, Jontek, Stefan (Straszny dwór) or Shepherd (Król Roger); in his later years primarily Altoum.
I wish to thank Imogen Norcroft for the recordings (Krakowiaczek, Hrabina).